Ancient Mesopotamia refers to the place where humans first formed civilizations. It was here that people first gathered in large cities, learned to write, and created governments. For this reason Mesopotamia is often called the "Cradle of Civilization". When people say Mesopotamia they are referring to a section of land in the Middle East between and around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
The Assyrians were one of the major peoples to live in Mesopotamia during ancient times. They lived in northern Mesopotamia near the start of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
The Assyrian Empire rose and fell several times throughout history. The Babylonians had control of southern Mesopotamia and the Assyrians had the north.
One of their strongest leaders during this time was King Shamshi-Adad. Under Shamshi-Adad the empire expanded to control much of the north and the Assyrians grew wealthy. This time they conquered all of Mesopotamia and expanded the empire to include much of the Middle East including EgyptBabylonia, Israel, and Cypress.
They reached their peak under the rule of King Tiglath-Pileser I. These leaders built the empire into one of the most powerful empires in the world.
They conquered much of the Middle East and Egypt. Great Warriors The Assyrians were perhaps most famous for their fearsome army. They were a warrior society where fighting was a part of life. It was how they survived. They were known throughout the land as cruel and ruthless warriors.
Two things that made the Assyrians great warriors were their deadly chariots and their iron weapons. They made iron weapons that were stronger than the copper or tin weapons of some of their enemies.
They were also skilled with their chariots which could strike fear in the hearts of their enemies. The Library at Nineveh The last great Assyrian king, Ashurbanipal, constructed a great library at the city of Nineveh.
He collected clay tablets from all over Mesopotamia. These included the stories of Gilgamesh, the Code of Hammurabi, and more. Much of our knowledge of the Ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia comes from the remains of this library.
According to the British Museum in London, just over 30, tablets have been recovered. These tablets make up around 10, different texts.
Ashur was the capital of the original empire and also their main god. Tiglath-Pileser III built roads throughout the empire to enable his armies and messengers to travel quickly.
The Assyrians were experts at siege warfare. They used battering rams, siege towers, and other tactics such as diverting water supplies in order to take a city. Their cities were strong and impressive.
They had huge walls built to withstand a siege, many canals and aqueducts for water, and extravagant palaces for their kings.History >> Ancient Mesopotamia The Assyrians were one of the major peoples to live in Mesopotamia during ancient times.
They lived in northern Mesopotamia near the start of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Kids learn about the history of Ancient Mesopotamia, the cradle of civilization between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
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