Summary Analysis First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross of Alpha Company is carrying letters from a girl named Martha that he loves from back at college, though he doesn't believe she loves him. He reads them carefully, and decides her letters are "chatty. The letters establish a link between the war in Vietnam and home.
See Important Quotations Explained Summary Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, of the Alpha Company, carries various reminders of his love for Martha, a girl from his college in New Jersey who has given no indication of returning his love. Cross carries her letters in his backpack and her good-luck pebble in his mouth.
Martha is an English major who writes letters that quote lines of poetry and never mention the war. He wonders, uncontrollably, about whether or not Martha is a virgin. He carries her photographs, including one of her playing volleyball, but closer to his heart still are his memories. They went on a single date, to see the movie Bonnie and Clyde.
Now, in Vietnam, Cross wishes that he had carried her up the stairs, tied her to the bed, and touched her knee all night long.
He is haunted by the cutting knowledge that his aff-ection will most likely never be returned. They are things in the most physical sense—mosquito repellent and marijuana, pocket knives and chewing gum. Nervous Ted Lavender carries marijuana and tranquilizers to calm himself down, and the religious Kiowa carries an illustrated New Testament, a gift from his father.
Some things the men carry are universal, like a compress in case of fatal injuries and a two-pound poncho that can be used as a raincoat, groundsheet, or tent. Most of the men are common, low-rank-ing soldiers and carry a standard M assault rifle and several magazines of ammunition. Several men carry grenade launchers.
All men carry the figurative weight of memory and the literal weight of one another. They carry Vietnam itself, in the heavy weather and the dusty soil. The things they carry are also determined by their rank or specialty.
|The Things They Carried||Messenger Pain is one of the most powerful weapons of war.|
|Emotions affect how pain feels, as soldiers know only too well||Cross is preoccupied by thoughts of Martha, a young woman he dated before he joined the Army. He thinks about letters she wrote him; he thinks about whether or not she is a virgin; he thinks about how much he loves her and wants her to love him.|
|Emotions in War - WARFARE HISTORIAN||Cross functions as a metaphor for the war, specifically its lack of meaningful structure. Like the war, Lt.|
The medic, Rat Kiley, carries morphine, malaria tablets, and supplies for serious wounds. One day, when the company outside the Than Khe area is on a mission to destroy tunnel complexes, Cross imagines the tunnels collapsing on him and Martha. He becomes distracted by wondering whether or not she is a virgin.
On the way back from going to the bathroom, Lavender is shot, falling especially hard under the burden of his loaded backpack. Still, Cross can think of nothing but Martha.
He thinks about her love of poetry and her smooth skin. Cross leads his men to the village of Than Khe—where the soldiers burn everything and shoot dogs and chickens—and then on a march through the late afternoon heat.
When they stop for the evening, Cross digs a foxhole in the ground and sits at the bottom of it, crying.
Meanwhile, Kiowa and Norman Bowker sit in the darkness discussing the short span between life and death in an attempt to make sense of the situation. In the ensuing silence, Kiowa marvels at how Lavender fell so quickly and how he was zipping up his pants one second and dead the next.
He finds something unchristian about the lack of drama surrounding this type of death and wonders why he cannot openly lament it like Cross does.Use this CliffsNotes The Things They Carried Study Guide today to ace your next test!
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The Emotions Of The First World War English Literature Essay. Print Reference this. From the beginning to the end of World War 1, the ideas and emotions changed dramatically and there is perhaps no better evidence than in the poetry that was written by the soldiers who fought in it.
Glory was one of the many things they fought for. If the analysis is optimistic, Damasio suggests that various emotions that signal a joyful state will emerge (such as joy, anticipation, trust). On the other hand, if the analysis is pessimistic, emotions that signal a sadness state will emerge (such as fear, anger, grief).
The undulating emotions that the soldiers have to go through, result in great mental strain.
Reportedly, many soldiers suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. The post-traumatic disorder is characterized by symptoms like nightmares; feelings of detachment, irritability, sleeplessness and difficulties in concentrating.
The Actual War Scenario - Vietnam War The Things They Carried, is a novel based on the Vietnam War, and the book reveals the truth of the war as the author remembers the war after twenty one years and snows his guilt and emotions for the war.
Use this CliffsNotes The Things They Carried Study Guide today to ace your next test! Lt. Cross functions as a metaphor for the war, specifically its lack of meaningful structure.