Likes as technological gold in the modern society

Modern society and world society Western and non-Western routes to modernity The Western experience of industrialization was the model for world industrialization. To become modern was to become something like Western industrial society.

Likes as technological gold in the modern society

List the major types of societies that have been distinguished according to their economy and technology.

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Explain why social development produced greater gender and wealth inequality. To help understand how modern society developed, sociologists find it useful to distinguish societies according to their type of economy and technology.

One of the most useful schemes distinguishes the following types of societies: Some scholars add a final type, postindustrial, to the end of this list. We now outline the major features of each type in turn. Because all people in these societies have few possessions, the societies are fairly egalitarian, and the degree of inequality is very low.

Horticultural and pastoral Horticultural and pastoral societies are larger than hunting-and-gathering societies. Horticultural societies grow crops with simple tools, while pastoral societies raise livestock.

Both types of societies are wealthier than hunting-and-gathering societies, and they also have more inequality and greater conflict than hunting-and-gathering societies. Agricultural These societies grow great numbers of crops, thanks to the use of plows, oxen, and other devices.

Compared to horticultural and pastoral societies, they are wealthier and have a higher degree of conflict and of inequality. Industrial Industrial societies feature factories and machines. They are wealthier than agricultural societies and have a greater sense of individualism and a somewhat lower degree of inequality that still remains substantial.

Postindustrial These societies feature information technology and service jobs.

Likes as technological gold in the modern society

Higher education is especially important in these societies for economic success. Hunting-and-Gathering Societies Beginning aboutyears ago, hunting-and-gathering societies are the oldest ones we know of; few of them remain today, partly because modern societies have encroached on their existence.

As the name hunting-and-gathering implies, people in these societies both hunt for food and gather plants and other vegetation. They have few possessions other than some simple hunting-and-gathering equipment.

To ensure their mutual survival, everyone is expected to help find food and also to share the food they find. To seek their food, hunting-and-gathering peoples often move from place to place.

Because they are nomadic, their societies tend to be quite small, often consisting of only a few dozen people. Beyond this simple summary of the type of life these societies lead, anthropologists have also charted the nature of social relationships in them.

One of their most important findings is that hunting-and-gathering societies are fairly egalitarian. Although men do most of the hunting and women most of the gathering, perhaps reflecting the biological differences between the sexes discussed earlier, women and men in these societies are roughly equal.

Because hunting-and-gathering societies have few possessions, their members are also fairly equal in terms of wealth and power, as virtually no wealth exists. Horticultural and Pastoral Societies Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,—12, years ago.

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