Modern society and world society Western and non-Western routes to modernity The Western experience of industrialization was the model for world industrialization. To become modern was to become something like Western industrial society.
List the major types of societies that have been distinguished according to their economy and technology.
Explain why social development produced greater gender and wealth inequality. To help understand how modern society developed, sociologists find it useful to distinguish societies according to their type of economy and technology.
One of the most useful schemes distinguishes the following types of societies: Some scholars add a final type, postindustrial, to the end of this list. We now outline the major features of each type in turn. Because all people in these societies have few possessions, the societies are fairly egalitarian, and the degree of inequality is very low.
Horticultural and pastoral Horticultural and pastoral societies are larger than hunting-and-gathering societies. Horticultural societies grow crops with simple tools, while pastoral societies raise livestock.
Both types of societies are wealthier than hunting-and-gathering societies, and they also have more inequality and greater conflict than hunting-and-gathering societies. Agricultural These societies grow great numbers of crops, thanks to the use of plows, oxen, and other devices.
Compared to horticultural and pastoral societies, they are wealthier and have a higher degree of conflict and of inequality. Industrial Industrial societies feature factories and machines. They are wealthier than agricultural societies and have a greater sense of individualism and a somewhat lower degree of inequality that still remains substantial.
Postindustrial These societies feature information technology and service jobs.
Higher education is especially important in these societies for economic success. Hunting-and-Gathering Societies Beginning aboutyears ago, hunting-and-gathering societies are the oldest ones we know of; few of them remain today, partly because modern societies have encroached on their existence.
As the name hunting-and-gathering implies, people in these societies both hunt for food and gather plants and other vegetation. They have few possessions other than some simple hunting-and-gathering equipment.
To ensure their mutual survival, everyone is expected to help find food and also to share the food they find. To seek their food, hunting-and-gathering peoples often move from place to place.
Because they are nomadic, their societies tend to be quite small, often consisting of only a few dozen people. Beyond this simple summary of the type of life these societies lead, anthropologists have also charted the nature of social relationships in them.
One of their most important findings is that hunting-and-gathering societies are fairly egalitarian. Although men do most of the hunting and women most of the gathering, perhaps reflecting the biological differences between the sexes discussed earlier, women and men in these societies are roughly equal.
Because hunting-and-gathering societies have few possessions, their members are also fairly equal in terms of wealth and power, as virtually no wealth exists. Horticultural and Pastoral Societies Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,—12, years ago.
In horticultural societiespeople use hoes and other simple hand tools to raise crops. In pastoral societiespeople raise and herd sheep, goats, camels, and other domesticated animals and use them as their major source of food and also, depending on the animal, as a means of transportation.The new Olympic Channel brings you news, highlights, exclusive behind the scenes, live events and original programming, 24 hours a day, days per year.
The influence of modern technology on society: Good or bad? by lausannecongress2018.com member on February 26, November 17, in English In the past people used technology as a tool for making survival an easier endeavor.
In a rapidly changing social and cultural environment, digital art is becoming one of the most important genres of cultural expression and innovation. Last summer, in a miraculous turn of events, I found myself in front of Gustav Klimt’s gold-leaf masterpiece ‘The Kiss’.
All I could do was stare in awe. Unfortunately, my bubble of amazement soon burst. Improved communication technology has allowed access to connect with people all around the world much easier. This raises the concern that maybe technology has a more bad influence on our society than good, the modern-day use of technology is abolishing people from living their actual lives.
The cellphone is an example of an improved . By Joe America. It is easy to get caught up in the negativity of a government of the crass, by the crass, and for the crass.
Mean-spirited men and women haunt the hallowed halls of government and our public space every day, offending our sense of decency and fairness. A Manifesto Against the Enemies of Modernity.
by James A. Lindsay and Helen Pluckrose; Posted on August 22, February 2, ; This document is very long and detailed so a brief bulleted summary is provided below for those who don’t have the hour it takes for a careful read.